One rAga that truly typifies Carnatic music is TODI, a profound, delightful and soothing melody. It is the 8th meLam both in the sampUrNa, and the asaMpUrNa schemes of the Carnatic music tradition. The precise name is hanumatODi in the sampUrNa paddhati, and the prefix “hanuma” is inserted to yield the meLam number 8, according to the kaTapayAdi nomenclature ((ha = 8, na =0, so hanu= 80, which when reversed gives 08). According to the asaMpUrNa scheme of VE”nkaTamakhi (a tradition faithfully followed by the dIkSItar school), tODi is the eighth rAga”nga rAgam, known as janatODi (again, the prefix “jana” yields the number 8 according to the “kaTapayAdi” counting, since ja = 8, na =0).
tODiH SaDjagrahaH pUrNaH
sAyaMkAlE pragIyatE |
MELam hanumatODi / janatODi is the second mELam belonging to the second cakram (nEtra cakram), hence it is referred to as “nEtra — shrI”, with the mnemonic phrase ri ga ma dha ni or R1 G2 M1 D1 N2.
s r g m p d n .s
.s n d p m g r s
The notes taken are: SaDjam, shuddha riSabham, sadhAraNa gAndhAram, suddha madhymam, pa~ncamam, shuddha dhaivatam and kaishiki nishAdam.